Statistics state that more than 23 million Americans are currently addicted to drugs and alcohol. The numbers continue to rise because of factors such as unemployment, relationship problems, poverty and more. Drug addiction can affect any person regardless of that person’s age, race, gender, religious preference, political party and the like. Addiction is a disease that does not discriminate, and a number of substances can cause a person to develop an addiction. Addiction does not have to be an alcohol or drug problem, however. One person can become addicted to another person. An individual can develop an addiction for gambling, sexual acts, pornography and more. Drug addiction is the addiction that overshadows all other addictions because it can last a lifetime for a person who does not receive the proper treatment.
The Emotional Aspects of Drug and Alcohol Addiction
Drug and alcohol addiction is more than a physical dependence on a substance. Addiction has deep roots within a person’s psyche, which is why cessation and detoxification are not effective enough to end the cycle of addiction by themselves. An addicted person needs to enter a treatment facility that offers multiple services. Addiction must be attacked from several angles. The addicted person must first learn what causes the addiction. Next, he or she will have to develop the skills necessary to cope with the psychological and emotional withdrawal. Finally, the person will have to learn skills that consistently contribute to relapse prevention.
People Who Are Vulnerable to Developing Addiction
Although addiction is not discriminatory, some people are more vulnerable to addiction than others are. Abuse survivors are vulnerable to addiction because they may suffer with low self-esteem and confidence. Persons with mental illnesses are susceptible to developing addictions because of the painful mood changes that occur. High school children and young persons are vulnerable to the people within their environments. Therefore, they may develop addictions because of peer pressure or bullying. Additionally, people who suffer with chronic pain may develop addictions. The aforementioned individuals will need drug and alcohol counseling to help them rid themselves of their habits.
Signs of Alcohol and Drug Addiction
Some of the most common signs of drug and alcohol addiction are:
- Frequent mood swings
- Strange sleeping schedules
- Poor work history
- Declining school grades
- Infidelity or domestic violence
- Constant need for extra money
- Isolation and withdrawal
- Poor hygiene
- Criminal activity
- A sudden change in friends
The individual may exhibit numerous other symptoms and signs. Any caring family member or friend that notices more than one of the aforementioned symptoms will want to try to help the addicted person immediately. Addicted persons need all the support they can get.
Admitting That a Problem Exists
The reason many people prolong drug and alcohol counseling and treatment is because they go through stages of addiction. One of the most difficult stages of addiction to surpass is the denial stage. The person may not believe his or her habits are extensive. The individual may refuse to see the damages drug addiction brings to his or her family and may think that he or she has everything under control. Family members and friends can assist an addicted person by opening their hearts and ears. Intervention services can provide support for family members and friends who want to help a loved one to see his or her way out of an addiction. An intervention is a meeting between an addicted person and all the people who care about that person. The members of the intervention try to persuade the addicted person to enter an inpatient treatment facility.
Why Inpatient Treatment Is Necessary
Inpatient drug and alcohol treatment is superior for many reasons. The first reason is the environment. To recover fully from a drug or alcohol addiction problem, the addicted party will need to change his or her environment and circle of friends. An inpatient facility will provide a safe haven where that person can purify his or her life without negative outside influence. The facility will offer a clean and serene environment where such elements as peer pressure and temptation do not exist. Outpatient programs do not provide the safety net that most addicted persons need initially.
Crucial Services Inpatient Facilities Provide
As previously mentioned, drug and alcohol addiction requires multiple levels of care. The first level of care is detoxification. Detoxification is a simple process during which an addicted person cleanses himself or herself of addictive substance. The services that follow detoxification are the most important services because they provide the addicted person with the tools necessary to survive once he or she returns to the outside world. Additional inpatient services include drug and alcohol counseling.
Drug and Alcohol Counseling
Drug and alcohol counseling is a series of services that focus on the individual and his or her emotional, psychological and spiritual needs. Many cases of addiction develop because a lack of unity exists within the person’s psyche. A specialist can take time with an addicted person, and the two parties can go on a journey to find the root cause of the addiction problems. The root cause may come from childhood abuse, adult disappointments, mental illness and more. The specialist can help the person to recognize why he or she has developed an addiction.
Group counseling provides a different level of help. Drug and alcohol counseling in groups is effective because members have the opportunity to meet like individuals. They can find other people who have survived through the same struggles that they survived through.
Aftercare support is another therapeutic service that an inpatient facility may offer. Aftercare includes people reaching out to patients who have graduated from the addiction programs. Addiction is a lifetime illness that sufferers must not ever forget. For more information on drug and alcohol addiction, an interested party can contact a local facility and ask about its regimen of services. The person should ensure that the facility offers drug and alcohol counseling.